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What is communication cable?Communication Cable Insulation, Conductor, Sheath Materials and Uses

what is communication cable?
Communication cables are cables used to transmit electrical or optical signals and are widely used in various communication systems such as telephone, internet, television and data transmission. These cables usually consist of multiple wires or optical fibers that are encased in an insulating material and an outer jacket to protect the signal from interference and loss during transmission.

In modern industrial and electrical engineering, communication cables are one of the key components for connecting and transmitting signals, which are mainly used for transmitting data, audio files, analog signals and digital signals. Its process materials and uses are varied. The performance of communication cables directly depends on the selection of their materials, of which insulation, conductor and sheath materials are crucial factors. Learn more about the types and properties of these key materials with TST CABLES below.

What is communication cable
What is communication cable
  1. Insulation Materials

PVC cable (Polyvinyl Chloride)

PVC is a common insulating material widely used in communication control cables. It has good electrical insulation properties and corrosion resistance for general industrial and indoor applications. However, its heat resistance is relatively low, so its use in high-temperature environments is somewhat limited.

XLPE cable(cross-linked polyethylene)

XLPE insulation is favored for its excellent heat resistance and electrical insulation properties. It undergoes a special cross-linking process that improves the stability of the material and allows it to perform well in high temperature environments. This makes XLPE ideal for control cables that require higher performance.

  1. Conductor Materials

Copper Conductor

Copper conductor is a traditional and widely used conductor material. It has good electrical conductivity, mechanical strength and corrosion resistance. Despite its relatively high cost, it is still the preferred choice for many applications.

Aluminum Conductors

Aluminum conductors are relatively lightweight and low cost, making them suitable for some light-duty and long-distance transmission scenarios. However, aluminum is slightly less conductive than copper and may not be the preferred choice for some demanding applications.

  1. Jacket Materials

PVC sheath

PVC jacketing is commonly used for indoor applications and has good mechanical strength and corrosion resistance. However, for outdoor applications or those exposed to UV light, the weather resistance of PVC sheathing may be less than ideal.

PE Sheathing

PE sheathing performs well in outdoor environments with excellent weathering and UV resistance. Therefore, it is commonly used for outdoor control cables that require higher weather resistance, such as in environments like wind farms.

The wide range of uses of communication cables

Communication cables have a wide range of applications in modern society, including but not limited to the following aspects:

  1. In the field of railroads, communication cables are mainly used to transmit signals and data, including train position, speed, direction and other information. These signals are vital to ensure safe train movement and smooth traffic. Through the use of high-quality communication cables, the railroad system can ensure that trains follow the specified lines and speeds, reducing the possibility of accidents and thus safeguarding railroad safety. In addition, the communication cable can also real-time transmission of train location and other information, to help the railroad dispatcher to make timely and effective decision-making, improve the efficiency of railroad operation.
  2. In the field of electric power, communication cables are widely used in electric power communication, such as fiber optic composite overhead ground wire (OPGW) and all-dielectric self-supporting optical cable (ADSS). They are not only used to transmit power data, but also carry the important mission of ensuring the safe and stable operation of the power system. These cables have excellent transmission performance and anti-interference ability, can ensure the accurate transmission of power data, for the stable operation of the power system to provide strong support.
  3. Oil field, communication cables are mainly used for oil well monitoring, data transmission and communication links. They can run stably in the harsh oil mining environment, real-time transmission of oil well data, to help staff understand the state of oil wells in a timely manner, so as to make scientific mining decisions. In addition, communication cables can also be used for monitoring and maintenance of oil pipelines to ensure the safe operation of pipelines.
  4. Chemical industry, communication cables are mainly used for power supply, control, communication and sensing. Due to the complexity and variability of the chemical production environment, the cable fire, explosion-proof, anti-corrosion, high temperature resistance and other special performance requirements. Therefore, the communication cable used in the chemical industry is usually made of special materials and processes to ensure its stable operation in harsh environments.
  5. Aviation field, avionics equipment, communication cables are the bridge connecting navigation, communication and combat control systems. These cables ensure that the functions of an airplane or spacecraft can operate normally by accurately transmitting data and signals, thus guaranteeing flight safety. Communication cables also play a key role in an aircraft’s internal and external lighting systems. They are responsible for powering and controlling lighting equipment, such as navigation and landing lights, to ensure that the airplane can maintain a clear view under various flight conditions.
  6. In the marine sector, communication cables play a vital role in the power system of a ship. They are responsible for efficiently transmitting the power generated by generators to all parts of the ship, including the main engine, auxiliary engines and other key equipment. Communication cables also play a key role in a ship’s communication system. Modern ships are usually equipped with complex communication systems, including voice communication, data communication and wireless communication. These systems rely on communication cables to transmit signals and data to ensure smooth communication between ships and shore bases, other ships or aircraft. The high quality and stability of communication cables are essential to ensure navigation safety and improve navigation efficiency. Communication cables are also widely used in ships’ navigation, control and monitoring systems. They are responsible for transmitting navigation signals, control commands and monitoring data to ensure that ships can navigate accurately and safely. These cables need to have the ability to transmit data quickly and accurately, while being able to withstand interference and corrosion in the marine environment.
  7. Internet communication, In the Internet era, communication cables play the role of a bridge to connect the world. From optical fiber to coaxial cable, different types of communication cables support high-speed network communication.
  8. TV signal transmission, TV signals can not be transmitted without high-quality cable systems. With the right communication cables, high-definition images and clear sound can be stably transmitted to the home screen.
  9. Telephone communication, Traditional telephone communication still needs reliable cable support. Different communication cables play an important role in telephone lines to ensure clear and stable calls.
  10. Data Center Connectivity, With the advent of the big data era, data centers have put forward higher requirements for efficient communication cables. A good cable system can support the rapid transmission and processing of large-scale data.
  11. Home network, communication cables run through all corners of the modern home network, providing high-speed and stable network connection for the family and supporting the interconnection of all kinds of smart devices.

About Communication Cable Suppliers & Manufacturers–TST CABLES

TST CABLES’ communication cables, with their high quality and diverse applications, provide the perfect solution for your communication needs.

Meticulously crafted from high quality materials, our communication cables from TST CABLES are characterized by excellent conductivity and stability, ensuring efficient and accurate data transmission. Whether it’s for high-speed networking, audio-video transmission or control signal transmission, our cables can easily cope with your diverse communication needs.

TST CABLES communication cables are widely used in various industries to provide communication and control support for the normal operation of various equipment and systems.

TST CABLES communication cables are also low-smoke, halogen-free and flame retardant, with excellent weathering and corrosion resistance, and can operate stably in a variety of harsh environments, providing a reliable guarantee for your communication system. Whether you are marine, land, aviation, indoor or outdoor use, you can rest assured that you can choose TST CABLES products.

For more information on xlpe cable, Silicone Cables,LSOH cable, high-temperature-resistant cables or to customize cables for your machinery or system, visit https://www.tstcables.com/product/
or send an e-mail to:lixiangchao@testeck.com

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